Which Type of Periodontal Surgery Fits your Needs
There are several reasons why patients opt for periodontal surgery. Some patients would like to improve the aesthetic look of their teeth and gums while others need periodontal surgery for health reasons, such as for the treatment and prevention of gum disease.
Below are 3 of the most common types of periodontal surgery procedures available to you. It is a good idea to understand each procedure so that you are properly equipped to decide which type of surgery is right for you.
Gum Reduction Surgery
This type of periodontal surgery is often performed on patients that want to reduce a gummy smile or an uneven gum line. If you feel like you have too much gum tissue present, this surgery can help to boost your confidence and enhance your smile.
Gum reduction surgery is also often performed on patients that have been diagnosed with periodontal disease. When you have periodontal disease, your gums deteriorate and bone loss occurs which can lead to pockets developing around your teeth. These pockets can become the perfect places for bacteria growth. Left untreated, this bacteria can go on to reap havoc in your mouth, causing more damage to your gums and tissue until eventually, your teeth need to be removed. In the case of periodontal disease prevention, this surgery is called gum pocket reduction surgery and it involves removing any bacteria that may be found in gum pockets, reducing the size of gum pockets, and refitting your gums snugly around your teeth.
There are 2 types of crown lengthening procedures: aesthetic crown lengthening and functional crown lengthening. Aesthetic Crown lengthening is performed on patients who feel that their gums are overexposed when they smile. This surgery removes excess gum and bone tissue, thus helping patients achieve a wider, more natural smile.
Functional crown lengthening surgery is often recommended if one or more of your teeth have decayed due to periodontal disease. In this procedure, your periodontist will surgically pull your gums away from your tooth thus exposing more of the tooth’s root so that it can be restored. Depending on your specific case, your periodontist may remove supporting bone and/or reshape your gums for later restoration.
Receding gums are a common dental issue that affects many people at varying stages of their lives. It can be caused by several factors including aggressive brushing habits, teeth grinding, a misaligned bite, and untreated periodontal disease. Receding gums can result in tooth sensitivity, tooth decay, or a longer-than-normal appearance of the teeth as the root surfaces of teeth become exposed. If left untreated, bacteria and plaque can easily damage your teeth and exposed roots, leading to eventual tooth loss.
There are 4 techniques to correct gum recession: free gingival graft, connective tissue graft, Allograft (AlloDerm®, PerioDerm) Acellular Dermis graft, and Pinhole Surgical TechniqueTM . These techniques can be performed to reinforce thin gums or to fill in spaces where the gums have receded. Speak with a periodontist to decide if gum grafts are an option for you and which one is best for you.